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Thailand's Ambitious Renewable Energy Plan and Transition towards a Greener Future
Key Ideas
  • Thailand aims to increase renewable power to 51% of total electricity supply in the next two decades, surpassing fossil-fuel generated electricity.
  • Solar power will play a crucial role, with a significant capacity of 20,000 megawatts, and an additional 16,000MW of clean energy will be imported from neighboring countries.
  • The country's new Power Development Plan (PDP) focuses on reducing carbon emissions, with plans to decrease gas usage to 40% and explore nuclear energy and hydrogen as alternatives.
  • Authorities are conducting public hearings to gather feedback on the 2024 PDP, a key component of Thailand's National Energy Plan (NEP) for sustainable energy management.
Thailand is making significant strides towards a greener and more sustainable future with its ambitious renewable energy targets outlined in the new version of the Power Development Plan (PDP). The Energy Policy and Planning Office (Eppo) projects that renewable power will surpass electricity produced by fossil-fuel power plants over the next 20 years, aiming for a 51% share of total electricity supply. This target marks a substantial increase from the previous goal of 36% set in the 2018 PDP. Solar power is set to be a key player in Thailand's renewable energy landscape, with plans to expand its electricity generation capacity to 20,000 megawatts. Additionally, the country plans to import 16,000MW of clean energy from neighboring countries, primarily from hydropower plants, to boost the supply of renewable energy. To reduce carbon emissions and promote sustainability, Thailand is looking to decrease gas usage to 40% under the new PDP, down from 55%. The plan also includes exploring nuclear energy, with efforts to develop a small modulation reactor to generate 600MW of electricity. Furthermore, the promotion of hydrogen as a replacement for gas usage is on the agenda, although authorities are yet to determine whether green or blue hydrogen will be utilized. Public hearings are being conducted to gather feedback on the 2024 PDP, which is scheduled to be in effect from this year to 2037. This plan is a critical component of the National Energy Plan (NEP), which encompasses various energy management strategies such as alternative energy development, energy efficiency, the oil plan, and the gas plan. By incorporating more renewable resources like solar and wind power, Thailand aims to make a significant shift towards sustainable energy generation and reduce its reliance on traditional fossil fuels.
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